Chengdu University of Technology
Nano pores and micro fractures are well developed in shale formation. However, the particle size of conventional plugging agent is large and it is difficult to plug pores and fractures in shale. A high temperature-resistant core-shell nano plugging agent CLG-NM was prepared with inorganic nano silica as the core and poly (styrene-butyl acrylate-acrylic acid) as the shell. The plugging agent was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering and thermogravimetry, and its plugging performance was evaluated by shale pressure transfer experiment. The results show that the particle size distribution of CLG-NM is 40 ~ 300 nm, the median particle size is 89.4 nm. CLG-NM maintains thermal stability below 372 ℃. Furthermore, CLG-NM has good compatibility with oil-based drilling fluid. After 3% CLG-NM was added into the oil-based drilling fluid of Weiye 28-7hf well, the rheological property of the drilling fluid changed slightly. The high temperature and high pressure filtration (aging at 180oC for 16h) decreased from 3.1mL to 2.8mL, and the demulsification voltage kept higher than 700mV. Compared with KC-2 and PT-seal, CLG-NM has better plugging effect on the nano pores and fractures in shale.