China University of Petroleum
The third member of Feixianguan Formation and the first member of Feixianguan Formation in eastern Yunnan are easily unstable formations. In order to protect coal bed reservoirs, new low-damage high-performance micro-foam drilling fluid technology is designed and applied. The developed foaming agent LHPF-1 was compounded with foaming agent BS-12 and tackifier XC, and the response surface optimization experiment was used to analyze the influence of the interaction between the three treatment agents on the foam composite index Fq. On this basis, fluid loss agents and inhibitors are optimized, and the final microfoam drilling fluid formula is determined to be: 0.25%LHPF-1+0.25%BS -12+0.25%XC+1%SPNH+1%NH4HPAN+0.2%KPAM. The research results show that the density of the drilling fluid can be reduced to 0.49g/cm3, the foaming volume can reach 420mL, the half-life of the foam can reach more than 2000min, the thickness of the foam liquid film can reach 50% of the foam size, and the coal core plugging rate and permeability The recovery value is above 90%, and it is resistant to 7% of debris and coal pollution. The drilling fluid was applied on-site in the second opening section of Well LC-C7-2D in the Laochang exploration area in eastern Yunnan. The pure drilling time was 4 days without any complicated downhole accidents. The average caliper expansion rate for the whole section was 5.9% , The fluid loss is less than 5mL.