文章摘要
醇醚型高效解堵剂的制备与矿场应用*
Preparation and Field Application of Efficient Plug Removal Agent with Alcohol Ether Type
  
DOI:10.19346/j.cnki.1000-4092.2020.02.014
中文关键词: 有机堵塞  解堵  醇醚型表面活性剂  渤海油田
英文关键词: organic plug  plug removal  alcohol ether surfactant  Bohai oilfield
基金项目:国家科技重大专项“缝洞型油藏泡沫辅助气驱提高采收率技术研究”(项目编号2016ZX05014-004-004),“十三五”国家科技 重大专项课题“低渗-致密”油藏高效提高采收率技术(项目编号2017ZX05009-004)。
作者单位
肖立晓1,2,侯吉瑞1,2,刘常清3,梁 拓1,2,赵 伟3 (1. 中国石油大学(北京)非常规油气科学技术研究院北京 1022492. 中国石油大学(北京)石油工程教育部重点实验室北京 102249 3. 中海石油(中国)有限公司天津分公司天津 300450) 
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中文摘要:
      为解除渤海油田在开发中后期由于石蜡、沥青等有机物沉淀造成的油井堵塞,以复合油溶性有机溶剂、醇 醚型表面活性剂及渗透剂等制得XL-1高效解堵剂。通过3组正交实验考察各物质加量对洗油率的影响,确定 XL-1的最佳配方,研究XL-1对石蜡和沥青的溶蚀效果,并在渤海油田沙河街组58-5油井进行了现场应用。结 果表明,当醇醚型表面活性剂、复合油溶性有机溶剂、2-甲基-2,4-戊二醇质量比为3∶7∶0.5时,XL-1解堵剂对油 污的洗油效果最好,洗油率为98%。对石蜡和沥青的溶蚀效果较好,溶蚀率分别为90%和40%。在58-5油井注 入XL-1解堵剂后,储层压降幅度达到23%,解堵效果较好。XL-1醇醚型解堵剂可用于解除低渗油田石蜡、沥青 等沉积造成的有机堵塞。图2表3参29
英文摘要:
      In order to remove the plugging of oil well caused by the precipitation of paraffins,asphalts,and other organic substances in the middle and late development of Bohai oilfield,high efficient plug removal agent XL-1 was prepared by using compound oil soluble organic solvent,alcohol ether surfactant and penetrating agent. Three sets of orthogonal control experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of various reagents dosages on the oil washing rate,which could determine the best formula of XL-1 and study the dissolution effect of XL-1 on paraffin and asphaltene. Finally,field application was carried out in 58-5 well of Shahejie formation in Bohai oilfield. The results showed that when the mass ratio of alcohol ether surfactant, compound oil soluble organic solvent and 2-methyl-2,4-pentanediol was 3∶7∶0.5,the oil washing effect of XL-1 on oil pollution was the best with 98% oil washing rate. It had good dissolution effect on paraffin and asphalt,and the dissolution rate was 90% and 40% ,respectively. After injection of XL-1 in 58-5 well,the drop of the formation pressure was up to 23% ,indicating good plugging removal effect. Alcohol ether type plug removal agent XL-1 could be used to remove organic plugging caused by the deposition of paraffins and asphalts in low permeability oilfield.
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