文章摘要
ASP三元复合体系在非超低界面张力下的乳化性能及其对提高采收率的影响
Emulsifying Property of ASP System with Non-ultra-low Interfacial Tension and Its Effect on EnhancedOil Recovery
  
DOI:
中文关键词: ASP三元复合体系  乳化性能  界面张力  三元复合驱  提高采收率
英文关键词: ASP system  emulsifying property  interfacial tension  ASP flooding  enhanced oil recovery
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目 “ASP复合驱油藏油水界面张力变化规律及残余油启动机制研究” (项目编号 51174216), 国家示 范工程 “大庆长垣特高含水油田提高采收率示范工程”(项目编号 2011ZX05052)。
作者单位
尚丹森 1,2,3, 侯吉瑞 1,2,3, 1. 中国石油大学 (北京) 提高采收率研究院 北京 昌平 102249 2. 中石油三次采油重点实验室低渗油田提高采收率应用基础理论研究 室 北京 昌平 102249 3. 石油工程教育部重点实验室 北京 昌平 100083 
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中文摘要:
      为明确碱-表面活性剂-聚合物(ASP)三元复合体系在非超低界面张力下的乳化作用及其对提高采收率的 影响, 以综合乳化性能指数I e为指标, 评价了 5种表面活性剂的乳化性能, 筛选出了一种界面张力非超低但乳化 性能优良的体系, 并通过平面径向流模型驱油实验研究了该体系的驱油效果。研究结果表明: 所考察表面活性 剂的综合乳化性能Ie由强到弱依次为 OP-10、 HABS(重烷基苯磺酸盐)、 BS-12 (十二烷基二甲基胺乙内酯)、 AES (脂肪醇聚氧乙烯醚硫酸钠) 和 OP-4; 碱质量分数为 0.3%时, ASP三元复合体系综合乳化性能最优。优选的乳化 性能优良的非超低界面张力 ASP 三元复合体系配方为: NaOH 质量分数 0.3%、 表面活性剂(60%OP-10+40% HABS) 的质量分数 0.3%、 聚合物 (部分水解聚丙烯酰胺, 相对分子量 2000×10 4) 质量浓度 1500 mg/L, 该体系的黏 度为 42.9 mPa· s (45℃、 转速 6 r/min), 与模拟油间的界面张力为 0.0415 mN/m, 综合乳化性能Ie为 0.688, 在驱油过 程中能够扩大波及体积且可提高波及范围内的驱油效率, 提高采收率效果不亚于常规超低界面张力体系。图 9 表 5参 20
英文摘要:
      To investigate the emulsifying property of ASP system without ultra-low interfacial tension(IFT)and its effect on EOR, the emulsifying property of 5 different surfactants were calculated by using an emulsifying property index Ie , and an ASP system formula with good performance in emulsifying and non-ultra-low interfacial tension was screened out;the radial fluid flow flooding experiments were also conducted to investigate the oil displacement effect of the ASP system. The results showed that the Ie of the surfactants from strong to weak were OP-10, HABS(sodium alkylbenzene sulfonate), BS-12(lauryl betaine), AES(sodium alcohol ether sulphate)and OP-4 in the same conditions, and when the alkali mass fraction was 0.3% , the ASP system had the best emulsifying property. The optimum formula of the ASP system with non-ultra-low interfacial tension was as follows, NaOH mass fraction was 0.3%, the surfactant(60%OP-10+40%HABS)mass fraction was 0.3%, and the polymer(relative molecular weight 2000 ×104)mass concentration was 1500 mg/L. The viscosity of the system was 42.9 mPa s(45℃, 6 r/min), and the interfacial tension between the ASP system and oil was 0.0415 mN/m, and the Ie was 0.688. The optimized ASP system could not only expand the swept volume, but asso improve the oil displacement efficiency during flooding process, and its effect on enhanced oil recovery was no less than that of the traditional ASP system with ultra-low-IFT.
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