文章摘要
特高盐油藏 SMG和 SH03二元复合驱产出液用破乳剂的合成与评价
Synthesis and Evaluation of Demulsifier for Production Liquid of SMG and SH03 Binary CompoundFlooding in the Extra High Salinity Reservoir
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 复合驱  阴非离子表面活性剂  水溶液聚合  破乳剂  耐盐基团  破乳率
英文关键词: compound flooding  anionic nonionic surfactant  aqueous solution polymerization  demulsifier  salt tolerance groups  demulsification rate
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作者单位
戴维杰 中国石油大学 (北京) 化工学院 北京 昌平 102249 
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中文摘要:
      针对钟市油田矿化度高达 300000 mg/L的特高盐油藏进行二元复合驱后产出水乳化严重而常用破乳剂的 破乳效果欠佳的情况, 通过主体单体 AM与耐盐单体 AMPS和苯乙烯磺酸钠 SSS由过硫酸钾-亚硫酸氢钠引发共 聚, 合成了不同于常规聚醚或聚醚改性的耐盐聚合物破乳剂, 并通过正交实验确定最佳产品 HYDR2的合成条 件。AM、 AMPS摩尔比 2∶1、 SSS占单体总质量的 4%、 引发剂占单体总质量的 1.5%、 反应温度 80℃、 反应时间 6 h、 pH 值 9 时所合成的 HYDR2 性能最佳。HYDR2 的加量以 5 g/L 为宜, 对钟市油田复合驱模拟采出液脱水率 (10 h) 高达 99.5%以上, 具有良好的破乳效果。HYDR2破乳剂的破乳效果优于油田目前在用的破乳效果好的破 乳剂 AE1910, 5 g/L的破乳剂 AE1910处理模拟采出液 10 h后的脱水率为 89.6%。表 2参 14
英文摘要:
      The emulsification of the produced water after the binary compound flooding in the extra high salinity reservoir with the salinity of 30×104 mg/L is serious and the demulsification treatment is difficult. A type of salt-tolerant polymer demulsifier, which was different from the conventional polyether or the modified polyether, was synthesized in this paper through copolymerization among the main monomer AM,salt-tolerant association monomer AMPS and sodium styrene sulfonate using the potassium persulfate-sodium bisulfite initiator, and the optimal synthesis conditions was determined by orthogonal experiment. The results showed that when the molar ratio of AM to AMPS was 2 ∶1;the mass ratios of the SSS and the initiator to the total monomers was 4% and 1.5% , respectively;the reaction temperature was 80℃ ;the reaction time was 6 hours and the pH was 9, the obtained demulsifier, named as HYDR2, had good demulsification effect. The demulsification effect of HYDR2 was better than that of the demulsifier AE1910 used in the field. When the concentration was 5 mg/L, the dewatering rate of HRDR2 and AE1910 to the produced fluid after 10 hours was 99.5% and 89.6%, respectively
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