文章摘要
疏水两性黄原胶的制备及流变性能评价
Preparation and Rheology Evaluation of Hydrophobic Amphoteric Xanthan Gum
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 黄原胶  疏水阳离子醚化试剂  流变性  压裂液
英文关键词: xanthan gum  hydrophobic cationic etherifying agent  rheology  fracturing fluid
基金项目:国家科技重大专项“储层改造关键流体研究”(项目编号 2017ZX05023003),国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)课题“致密砂岩气藏低伤害压裂液体系研究与应用”(项目编号 2013AA064801)
作者单位
刘 双 1,张 洪 1,方 波 1,卢拥军 2,邱晓惠 2,翟 文 2,王丽伟 2 1. 华东理工大学化学工程研究所上海 2002372. 中国石油勘探开发研究院廊坊分院河北 廊坊 065007 
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中文摘要:
      为提高黄原胶的基本性能并拓宽其在石油开采领域的应用,采用环氧氯丙烷和十六叔胺合成了疏水阳离子醚化试剂(3-氯-2-羟丙基二甲基十六烷基醋酸铵),以此醚化试剂对黄原胶(XG)改性制备了疏水两性黄原胶(HAXG),研究了 HAXG溶液的流变性能(表观黏度、触变性、流动曲线、黏弹性能)以及携砂性能、减阻性能、耐温耐剪切性能。结果表明,改性后 HAXG 溶液的表观黏度显著增强,0.4% HAXG 溶液黏度(172.38 mPa·s)是0.4% XG溶液黏度(42.54 mPa·s)的 4.05倍。XG和 HAXG溶液具有假塑性流体的剪切变稀特性,其流动曲线均可用 Cross模型进行描述。相较于 XG,HAXG溶液具有更好的触变性能、黏弹性能和网络结构,从而表现出更加优良的携砂性能和耐温耐剪切性能。HAXG溶液的减阻性能好于 XG,0.12% XG和 HAXG溶液在光滑管中的最大减阻率分别为 57.80%和 65.01%。HAXG可作为减阻剂用于滑溜水压裂液。图 13表5参 20
英文摘要:
      In order to improve the basic performance of xanthan gum and widen its application,hydrophobic cationic etherifying agent (3-chloro-2-hydroxypropylhexadecyldimethylammonium acetate) was prepared by epichlorohydrin and hexadecyldimethylamine,and then a novel hydrophobic amphoteric xanthan gum was synthesized by xanthan gum(XG)and the etherifying agent. The rheological properties,proppant carrying capacity,drag reduction and heat and shear resistance of HAXG solution were studied in detail. The rheological results showed that the apparent viscosity of HAXG solution was significantly enhanced. The apparent viscosity of 0.4% HAXG solution(172.38 mPa·s)was 4.05 times as big as that of 0.4% XG solution(42.54 mPa·s). Both XG and HAXG solutions behaved as pseudoplastic shear-thinning fluids,and the shear thinning behavior could be fitted quite well with Cross model. Compared with XG solution,HAXG solution exhibited more obvious thixotropy,much stronger viscoelasticity and network structure,thus better proppant carrying capacity and better heat and shear resistance. Both the two solution exhibited good drag reduction performance. With the concentration of 0.12%,the largest drag reduction rate of XG and HAXG solution was 57.80% and 65.01% respectively,indicating HAXG solution exhibited better drag reduction than XG solution. HAXG could be used as a drag reducing agent for slickwater fracturing fluid.
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